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There is currently (October 2017) an increase of leptospirosis in dogs occurring in the Halifax Regional Municipality.
Recognizing that pet owners across the province may have questions, and given the possibility that dogs may be visiting HRM, we would like to provide you with the following information to help in your practice.
What is leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by the bacteria Leptospira. It is carried by many wild and domestic animals, including rodents, dogs, cows, pigs, horses and sheep. It is most commonly found in tropical climates.
How are the bacteria transmitted to humans?
The bacteria are spread through direct contact with urine from an infected animal or by contact with water, soil or food contaminated by urine from infected animals. The bacteria enter through the skin, usually cuts or scratches, or through the nose, mouth, or eyes.
What is the risk to humans?
Even though there is an increase in cases of leptospirosis in dogs in the Halifax area, the risk to humans remains low. This risk can be further reduced by taking the following steps:
What should people do if their pet has been diagnosed with leptospirosis?
If your pet has been diagnosed with leptospirosis then it is important to practice good hand washing after touching your pet and to wear gloves if you might come into contact with your pet’s urine or other body fluids.
As long as you are feeling well there is NO NEED to seek medical attention.
If you develop symptoms (see below) see a health care provider or call 811 for health advice from a registered nurse.
What are the symptoms of leptospirosis in humans?
Symptoms in humans appear 2 to 30 days after contact with the bacteria. Common symptoms may include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, and skin rashes. In rare cases, symptoms may worsen to include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), kidney and/or liver failure, inflammation of the heart muscle and meningitis.
I wanted to thank you again for your help last Friday. There are many animals on my farm. I love them all but I was particularly fond of little Gabby. It was only a couple weeks ago we saw her rolling in the dirt and so delighted with herself and I remember how she loved to lay on Jeff's chair and bat the tail of our other cat as she walked by. I had hoped she could have experienced more of these joys in her life.
Your skill in diagnosing and presenting her case and your compassion in helping me understand what was best for Gabby was very much appreciated.